Thứ Hai , Tháng Ba 4 2024

Tính từ

Adjectives

– Adjectives describe or modify nouns:

I like fairy tales. A fairy tale is an imaginary story that has unrealistic characters in a fantastic background. It makes me forget about the real world and refreshes my tired mind.

– Adjectives generally appear immediately before the noun.
+ A pretty girl
+ Red flowers
+ A long stick
+ Heavy boxes
+ Warm weather

– Commonly, adjectives of opposite meaning are formed by adding a prefix such as un, in, or dis.
+ clear – unclear, important – unimportant, predictable – unpredictable, believable – unbelievable, common – uncommon, aware – unaware, ambiguous – unambiguous, conventional – unconventional, certain – uncertain
+ definite – indefinite, correct – incorrect, comparable – incomparable, complete – incomplete, evitable – inevitable, expensive – inexpensive
+ able – disable, assemble – disassemble, content – discontent, similar – dissimilar

– When using a string of adjectives, they should appear in a set order: size/shape + age + color + origin + material.
+ A big brown house
+ A small old English desk
+ A beautiful black Italian leather purse
+ Delicious Chinese food

– The + adjective describes a class or group of people and acts as a noun.
+ the old, the young, the poor, the rich, the oppressed, the homeless, etc.
+ This popular TV show is loved by the old.

Excercise

Questions

A) Write opposite adjectives using the appropriate prefix.
1) Clear –
2) Definite –
3) Correct –
4) Expensive –
5) Complete –

B) Underline all adjectives in the following sentences.
In the spring, red roses blossom in my cute small garden. The beautiful birds also sing in the big oak tree.

Answers

A)
1) unclear
2) indefinite
3) incorrect
4) inexpensive
5) incomplete

B)
red, cute, small, beautiful, big, oak

Tính từ

– Tính từ mô tả hoặc sửa đổi danh từ:

I like fairy tales. A fairy tale is an imaginary story that has unrealistic characters in a fantastic background. It makes me forget about the real world and refreshes my tired mind.

– Tính từ thường xuất hiện ngay trước danh từ.
+ A pretty girl
+ Red flowers
+ A long stick
+ Heavy boxes
+ Warm weather

– Thông thường, các tính từ có nghĩa trái ngược nhau được thành lập bằng cách thêm một tiền tố như un , in hoặc dis.
+ clear – unclear, important – unimportant, predictable – unpredictable, believable – unbelievable, common – uncommon, aware – unaware, ambiguous – unambiguous, conventional – unconventional, certain – uncertain
+ definite – indefinite, correct – incorrect, comparable – incomparable, complete – incomplete, evitable – inevitable, expensive – inexpensive
+ able – disable, assemble – disassemble, content – discontent, similar – dissimilar

– Khi sử dụng một chuỗi tính từ, chúng phải xuất hiện theo thứ tự đã định: kích thước/hình dạng + tuổi + màu sắc + nguồn gốc + chất liệu.
+ A big brown house
+ A small old English desk
+ A beautiful black Italian leather purse
+ Delicious Chinese food

– The + tính từ: Mô tả một lớp hoặc một nhóm người và hoạt động như một danh từ.
+ the old, the young, the poor, the rich, the oppressed, the homeless, etc.
+ This popular TV show is loved by the old.

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