Thứ Hai , Tháng Ba 4 2024

Tính từ so sánh hơn và so sánh nhất

Comparative and Superlative Adjectives

– Comparative adjectives compare two things. Superlative adjectives compare more than two things

– Commonly, adjectives that contain only one syllable or end in ‘y’ use ‘er’ to form comparatives and ‘est’ to form superlatives. For adjectives ending in y, change the ‘y’ to ‘i’ before adding the ‘er’ or ‘est’.
+ old – older – oldest
+ young – younger – youngest
+ pretty – prettier – prettiest
+ long – longer – longest
+ short – shorter – shortest
+ bright – brighter – brightest
+ close – closer – closest
+ happy – happier – happiest

– Adjectives with two or more syllables do not change but instead add more to form comparatives and most to form superlatives.
+ respectable – more respectable – most respectable
+ beautiful – more beautiful – most beautiful
+ preferable – more preferable – most preferable
+ hardworking – more hardworking – most hardworking

– Some adjectives have different forms of comparatives and superlatives.
+ good – better – best
+ bad – worse – worst
+ little – less – least
+ much (many) – more – most
+ far – further – furthest

– The word than typically appears in comparative sentences.
+ Amy is smarter than Betty.
+ Chad is stronger than Dan.
+ Greg is more diligent than his brother.
+ I have more apples than he.
+ She likes him more than me.

Superlatives are typically accompanied by the word the.
+ Tom is the oldest man in town.
+ Paul is the tallest boy in the neighborhood.
+ That shade of blue is the most beautiful color.
+ This is the longest song that I have ever heard.

Excercise

Questions

A) Write the appropriate comparative or superlative form of the word cold in each blank.

Yesterday was a cold day. Today is ……….. than yesterday. Tomorrow will be the ……….. day yet.

B) Which of the following sentences is incorrect?

1) Mary is shorter than Jane.
2) The moon is more closer to the earth than the sun.
3) I have the best score on the exam.

C) Fill in the blanks.

1) My friend has a pretty purse, but I have a one.
2) The weather is yet to come!
3) Today’s sunshine is beautiful than yesterday’s.

Answers

A) colder, coldest

B) 2

C) prettier, best, more

Tính từ so sánh hơn và so sánh nhất

– Tính từ so sánh hơn so sánh hai điều. Tính từ so sánh nhất so sánh nhiều hơn hai thứ

– Thông thường, các tính từ chỉ chứa một âm tiết hoặc kết thúc bằng ‘y’ sử dụng ‘er’ để tạo thành so sánh hơn và ‘est’ để tạo thành so sánh nhất. Đối với tính từ kết thúc bằng y, đổi ‘y’ thành ‘i’ trước khi thêm ‘er’ hoặc ‘est’.
+ old – older – oldest
+ young – younger – youngest
+ pretty – prettier – prettiest
+ long – longer – longest
+ short – shorter – shortest
+ bright – brighter – brightest
+ close – closer – closest
+ happy – happier – happiest

– Tính từ có hai hoặc nhiều âm tiết không thay đổi mà thay vào đó thêm more để tạo thành so sánh hơn và most để tạo thành so sánh nhất.
+ respectable – more respectable – most respectable
+ beautiful – more beautiful – most beautiful
+ preferable – more preferable – most preferable
+ hardworking – more hardworking – most hardworking

– Một số tính từ có các dạng so sánh hơn và so sánh nhất khác nhau.
+ good – better – best
+ bad – worse – worst
+ little – less – least
+ much (many) – more – most
+ far – further – furthest

– Từ hơn thường xuất hiện trong các câu so sánh.
+ Amy is smarter than Betty.
+ Chad is stronger than Dan.
+ Greg is more diligent than his brother.
+ I have more apples than he.
+ She likes him more than me.

So sánh nhất thường đi kèm với từ the.
+ Tom is the oldest man in town.
+ Paul is the tallest boy in the neighborhood.
+ That shade of blue is the most beautiful color.
+ This is the longest song that I have ever heard.

Về thanhdd